About FSANFSAN responsibilities and activities
CFSAN, in conjunction with the Agency’s field staff, is responsible for promoting and protecting the public’s health by ensuring that the nation’s food supply is safe, sanitary, wholesome, and honestly labeled, and that cosmetic products are safe and properly labeled.
Scope of Responsibility
Consumers spend twenty-five cents of every consumer dollar on products regulated by the FDA. Of this amount, approximately 75 percent is spent on foods.
The Center regulates $417 billion worth of domestic food, $49 billion worth of imported foods, and over $60 billion worth of cosmetics sold across state lines. This regulation takes place from the products’ point of U.S. entry or processing to their point of sale. There are over 377,000 registered food facilities (including approximately 154,000 domestic facilities and 223,000 foreign facilities) that manufacture, process, pack, or hold food consumed by humans or animals in the United States and several thousand cosmetic firms. These figures do not include restaurants, institutional food service establishments, or supermarkets, grocery stores, and other food outlets regulated by state, local, and tribal authorities that receive guidance, model codes, and other technical assistance from FDA. FDA enhances its programs by supporting these authorities with training and guidance to direct uniform coverage of food establishments and retailers.
The economic importance of the American food industry is enormous. It contributes about 20 percent of the U.S. Gross National Product, employs about 14 million individuals, and provides an additional 4 million jobs in related industries.
FDA’s responsibility in the food area generally covers all domestic and imported food except meat, poultry, and frozen, dried and liquid eggs, which are under the authority of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), the labeling of alcoholic beverages (above 7% alcohol) and tobacco, which are regulated by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which establishes tolerances for pesticide residues in foods and requirements for drinking water.
FDA’s responsibility in the area of cosmetics covers all domestic and imported products.
The Center’s primary responsibilities include: